Email security is one of the main cyber security protection measures that businesses should adopt today in this fast-paced digital age. Spoofing and phishing not only causes loss of data or revenue for the individual concerned but can trickle right through an organization causing millions of pounds worth of damage. DMARC is an industry-recognized standard for automatically detecting and blocking potential spoofs and phishers in your enterprise’s DMARC list. It provides an additional layer of protection against known and suspected breaches and helps you comprehend who might be most at risk of being compromised in today’s cyber world.
Business email compromise (BEC) can be caused by a number of different things. Cost reduction efforts, non-existent or poor security policies and just plain poor organization are all methods utilized by hackers to obtain user information. It is important for small businesses to recognize the signs of BEC so that they can react accordingly. This article will discuss several indicators that you can look for to determine if your organization has been the victim of a BEC attack. Warning Signs of Business Email Compromise and the Domain Name System (DNS) is an internet protocol that translates domain names into numerical IP addresses.It helps to prevent spam and helps prevent ISPs from blocking legitimate sites. If you’re using Gmail to send emails, your DNS records point to the IP address of your webmail server. If there is a problem with your webmail server (and there almost always is), and you don’t want your emails being blocked by ISPs, you need to update your DNS records.
What is DMARC?
DMARC is the Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance (DBR) protocol developed by Net sparker, Inc. It is intended to help network administrators prevent rogue emails from spoofing plaintext messages to users’ inboxes. It can be used to authenticate senders against known email address lists or to reject messages that have been spoofed from legitimate sources. Data Loss Prevention is an email authentication system designed to protect your domain from being used in email spoofing attacks.
DMARC works by checking the SPF records of domain owners, and if an email address is registered with that domain, the system will block the user from sending email from that address. This article provides an in-depth look at how DMARC works, along with a few examples of when it could be useful. In short, DMARC improves anti-spoofing protection for your domain in two ways. First, it uses the Domain Name Service (DNS) protocol to query your domain registrar about whether a domain name is registered. If the DNS lookup returns an answer, then the DMARC response is also returned along with the IP address of the server containing the permission record for that domain name. This helps to identify queries coming from spoofing sources.
What does DMARC entail?
DMARC provides protection against email spoofing, which is commonly used to send emails that appear to originate from your legitimate domain. Spoofing decreases the effectiveness of email delivery protection systems, such as SPF and DKIM — both of which rely on DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) and Sender Policy Framework (SPF) to validate the identity of the sender. Spoofing can also occur when sending snail mail or email from a mobile device. DMARC has been implemented to improve the security and authenticity of email communication within the ecommerce environment. It provides organizations with the opportunity to self-audit and monitor the safety and security of their network communications by utilizing real-time notification capabilities in addition to existing auditing capabilities. DMARC stands for Domain Name Record Authority. In short, it is used to prevent spoofing by monitoring who is using a domain name associated with a specific resource — such as a company’s website or IP address. Spoofing involves taking control of a domain name via an intermediate party — for example, buying a domain name from a domain name registrar and registering it with another registrar before using it to send emails for a company you’re not actually part of. When detected, domain name spammers are informed and blocked from using domains associated with their spoofed addresses.
How do DKIM and SPF work?
SPF and DKIM are email authentication methods that are designed to increase the security of your email communications by ensuring that your message has not been tampered with after being sent. Each has its own pros and cons so, in this article we will look at each of them in order to determine which ones are best suited for our needs. As well as checking whether your recipients can open your email. SPF protects against spoofing attacks, which can occur when an attacker embeds a forged domain name or IP in a message designed to appear as coming from a real entity. Spoofing can be carried out even when your own domain name is not cached, making SPF a valuable protection against spammers and other fake candidates. Similarly, DKIM can detect if an earlier version of a message has been tampered with, preventing impersonation of email recipients.
Why is DMARC important?
DMARC is used primarily by message brokers to facilitate the delivery of email messages from third-party domains. It has also become a commonly used authenticating source for email services such as Gmail and Yahoo! mail services, which begin their own reputation algorithms based on DMARC information. Today DMARC, part of the Domain Name System (DNS) is rated among the strongest layers of Internet safety and security. The Domain Name System is a set of rules that translate domain names into numerical addresses and vice versa. Any time you type a web address into a browser, whether it’s using Chrome, Safari or Firefox, and the domain name does not resolve to a physical IP address, your computer is automatically routed to a secondary DNS server which results in an additional layer of defense against potential spoofing and other threats.
There have been a variety of methods introduced to identify cyber threats through BEC. However, resistance can be found in the following guises:
- The mechanisms work independently of one another
- Each receiver makes its own decisions on how to evaluate results
- The real domain owner will not receive feedback
DMARC can coordinate the above-mentioned methods to enable domain owners to signal that they are:
- Using email authentication (DKIM and SPF)
- Supply an email address to gather feedback about emails from their domain
- Provide a policy to apply to emails that fail authentication (report, quarantine, reject)
DMARC will also allow email receivers to be:
- Certain the sending domain is using email authentication
- Evaluate DKIM and SPF along with what the end-user sees in their inbox
- Determine the domain owner’s preference for emails that fail authentication and provide the domain owner with feedback about emails coming in and out of their domain.
Published by Ariya Rathi