The significant increase in the CBD oil market means research into the cannabinoid is increasing apace. To date, hundreds of studies into cannabidiol have revealed a litany of potential benefits, including relief from anxiety, depression, PTSD, and chronic pain. However, the federally illegal status of the marijuana plant means that until recently, CBD received a ban by association.
The 2018 Farm Bill removed the compound from the list of Schedule I substances under the Controlled Substances Act, as long as it came from industrial hemp rather than cannabis. The new legislation will help expedite the research process, but until then, it is best to approach the cannabinoid with caution. As such, when you see CBD oil for sale, it is vital to understand the risks and acknowledge that not all cannabidiol products are made equal.
Is CBD Oil Completely Safe?
Until research suggests otherwise, it would be irresponsible for anyone to claim that the CBD oil you see for sale is 100% safe. At present, the FDA has not approved the use of cannabis or all of its cannabinoids and terpenes. On the plus side, the available research places CBD in a good light as far as its safety profile is concerned.
In November 2017, a World Health Organization (WHO) report recommended the removal of CBD from any international list of controlled substances. During a meeting, the WHO Expert Committee on Drug Dependence concluded that CBD doesn’t cause harm or have abuse potential in its pure state.
It also failed to recommend the cannabinoid for medical use. It did acknowledge potential therapeutic value for seizures caused by conditions such as epilepsy, however.
In general, research into the compound shows that adults tolerate a wide range of CBD oil doses. Possible side effects demonstrated to date include diarrhea, changes in weight, altered appetite, and tiredness.
There is also evidence that CBD disrupts cytochrome P450 complex, an enzyme. This process could negatively impact the liver’s capacity for breaking down toxins. As a consequence, the risk of liver toxicity increases. The level of risk is unclear, and one would likely need to consume extremely high doses of CBD for any such issue to take effect.
The possibility exists that CBD oil and other products can interact with dietary supplements, prescription medications, and over-the-counter medicine. If you have medication that recommends avoiding grapefruit juice, don’t use it with CBD. It is the same type of interaction that impacts circulating blood levels of your medicine.
However, the main side effects associated with cannabidiol relate to the FDA-approved synthetic version of the drug, known as Epidiolex. In clinical trials, patients experienced the following:
- Breathing problems
- Reduced urination
- Gastrointestinal issues
- Loss of appetite
- Liver problems
- Central nervous system symptoms such as lethargy
Interestingly, those who consume CBD oil seldom report any of the above symptoms.
The Real Danger of Taking CBD Oil
The most significant risks associated with the cannabinoid relate to the companies that offer CBD oil for sale. While CBD taken from industrial hemp is legal in most states as long as it contains less than 0.3% THC, it is not FDA-approved. As such, there is no federal regulation and minimal oversight at the state level.
There is little doubt that the standard of CBD oil for sale has improved in the last couple of years, but the better quality was a necessity. A study by Bonn-Miller et al., published in JAMA in November 2017, looked into the labeling accuracy of CBD sold online. The results were alarming.
The team found that almost 70% of CBD products didn’t contain the level of cannabidiol claimed on the label. While 26% held a higher amount, 43% contained a lower amount, some products significantly so. Even more worryingly, approximately 20% of the products contained THC. This data is bad news for parents hoping to use CBD to treat children with epilepsy and the condition’s associated seizures.
Research indicates that up to 66% of people who consumed CBD oil had to discontinue treatment because their liver enzymes went so high that it caused concerned amongst researchers.
How to Use CBD Oil
Aside from CBD oil, you can purchase capsules, topicals, edibles, and an e-juice designed for use with a vaporizer. You can also vaporize most CBD oils and tinctures. If you dislike the taste of the oil, add it to food or drink to disguise the taste. Begin with minimal dosage to gauge how your body reacts, and increase until you reach the minimum effective dose.
When you see CBD oil for sale, make sure the seller is offering cannabidiol derived from organically grown industrial hemp. The product must be non-GMO and free from insecticides and pesticides. The seller needs to provide third-party lab reports to prove the purity of the products. Although the CBD market has a Wild West feel about it, savvy consumers will spot low-grade CBD a mile off.
Published by Qais Ahmadi