We all want healthy looking skin. Exfoliants can be a big help in any beauty routine. Regardless of skin type, exfoliants can help to cleanse the skin, remove makeup, remove excess sebum, and get rid of dead and flaking skin cells. There are some thing you need to know about exfoliants before you get started.

1. Physical and Chemical

There are two different kinds of exfoliants. Physical ones uses a gentle abrasive to scrub away skin cells, and chemical exfoliants make use of a mild acid or enzyme to get into the top layer of skin and dissolve dead skin cells.

2. Dry Skin

Exfoliants don’t need to strip your skin of all its moisture. A gentle chemical exfoliant can actually help get rid of the dead skin cells that would obstruct moisturizer from getting into the fresh skin beneath. If you do have dry skin, you probably only need to exfoliate every couple of days and be sure to moisturize after.

3. Oily Skin

Very abrasive physical scrubs can cause breakouts, so go for a gentle chemical scrub if you have very oily skin. A good face wash can get rid of the buildup and dead skin cells that will clog pores.

4. Sensitive Skin

For sensitive skin, get a very mild exfoliating product that won’t hurt your tender skin. Look for ones with gentle fruit or plant enzymes. Wipe the skin gently when removing the exfoliant so you don’t irritate it. With sensitive skin, it might take a few different formulas before you discover the best scrub for sensitive skin.

5. Day or Night

It doesn’t matter if you exfoliate day or night, but if you’re going to be applying another treatment to the skin, consider exfoliating first so that the skin isn’t clogged up with dead cells and excess sebum.

6. Reactions

If you do react poorly to a particular exfoliant, don’t use it again. Try a different formula. It might take a few tries until you discover your favourite one.

7. Your Face, Not Your Body

Don’t use body scrubs on your face. They’re not designed for the sensitive skin like what you find on your face. Stick to exfoliants designed for the face.

8. Sensitive Eyes

Some exfoliants are designed to be applied all over the face, but others aren’t meant for the sensitive area around your eyes. Check the bottle before you use it to make sure you know which kind you’re using.

9. Avoid Plastic

Fewer and fewer exfoliants are using plastic beads in their formula, but check your product, just in case. You can find ones that use biodegradable and natural alternatives instead, so you don’t need to worry about polluting the water.

10. Power Up?

There are more potent skin peels out there, but they require medical supervision. For home use, it’s best to look for something that will treat your skin gently.