The demolition of Babri Mosque in Ayodhya will complete its 24th years on this 6th December. Let’s know the full story of demolition.

The Story Began From Here…

In August 1990, then-Prime Minister V. P. Singh, implemented Mandal Commission, decided to introduce a new policy of reserving twenty-seven percent of state-level government posts for people from lower castes(SC/ST). The policy was partially an attempt to trim the electoral support of the Bharatiya Janata Party who had Upper cast support, who had until then held a monopoly over government jobs in the country.

The new policy thus fed resentment among the upper cast and raised inter-caste tensions in some parts of the nation. Mobilizing Hindus around the Ayodhya (Uttar Pradesh) dispute was seen by the BJP as a way to unite its electorate, by creating an issue around which all Hindus could be united against Muslims. This effort tied in well with the philosophy of the Rashtriya Swamsevak Sangh Parivaar, which professed "cultural nationalism", and believed in the unity of the highly fragmented Hindu population and wants to create India as a ‘Hindu Rashtra’.

However, since the founding of the RSS in 1925 its support, and that of its political wing the Jana Sangh and the Bhartiya Janta Party, had been restricted to people of upper castes; with the Ram Janmabhoomi movement, the BJP hoped to spread its influence outside this demographic and targets all cast under Hindu religion.

The Action Date…

6th December 1992 a large crowd of Hindu Kar Sevaks demolished the 16th-century Babri Mosque in the city of Ayodhya, in Uttar Pradesh. The demolition occurred after a political rally at the site turned violent in the leadership of Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) & Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) leaders.

On 6 December, the Rashtriya Swamsevak Sangh and its affiliates organized a rally involving more than 1.5 Lakh VHP and BJP karsevak at the site of the mosque in Ayodhya. 

                               

Picture Courtesy (India today )

The ceremonies included speeches by BJP leaders such as Lal Krishna Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi, and Uma Bharti. In first few hours of the rally, the crowd grew gradually more restless and began raising militant slogans (Including Jai Shri Ram). The UP police cordon had been placed around the Babri mosque in preparation for an attack by Karsevaks. However, around noon, a young man managed to slip past the cordon and climb the mosque itself, brandishing a saffron (Hindutva) flag.

This was seen as a signal by the mob of Karsevaks, who then stormed the structure. The police security, vastly outnumbered and unprepared for the size of the attack, fled. The mob set upon the building with axes, hammers, and grappling hooks, and within a few hours, the entire Babri mosque was leveled. Hindu Karsevaks also destroyed numerous other mosques within the city.

Result of the ‘Babri demolition‘

The destruction of the Mosque, as well as the destruction of numerous others mosque  that day, sparked Muslim outrage around the country, provoking several months of inter-communal rioting in which Hindus and Muslims attacked each another, burning and looting homes, shops and places of worship. Several of the Bhartiya Janta Party leaders were taken into custody, and the Vishshva Hindu Parishad was banned by the center government. Despite this, the ensuing riots spread to cities like Mumbai, Surat, Ahmedabad, Kanpur, Delhi, Bhopal and several others cities, eventually resulting in over 2000 deaths, most of them were Muslim. The Mumbai Riots alone, which occurred in December 1992 and January 1993 and in which the Shiv Sena played a big part in organizing, caused the death of around more than 900 people and estimated property damage of around ₹ 9,000 crores. The demolition and the ensuing riots were among the biggest factors behind the 1993 Mumbai bombings.

BJP in the Centre  

                                                

Picture Courtesy ( http://www.thehindu.com)

‘Demolition of Babri Mosque’ made some biggest change in Indian Political system. After 6th December 1992, Bhartiya Janta Party was in the center of the political system and the combination of Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Lal Krishna Advani was the biggest face. In 1996, 1998, 1999 Bhartiya Janta Party Was the Biggest party in Loksabha and made government under the leadership of Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

Published by Mohit Grover