Print art or printmaking is a type of art form in which images are generally produced on paper and sometimes even on parchment, metal, plastic or fabric. Many types of multiplication techniques can be used in this art form so that an artist can create several copies of his print art for sale by himself or supervise the same effectively. Although print art can exist in multiple units, they are original art pieces and are collectively called fine prints. A print is made by putting ink from a grid to paper or any other material through a screen. Some choicest types of grids include zinc or copper, stone, polymer, metal plates, aluminum, linoleum or woodblock.

Printmaking can be of many types like Intaglio, Stencil, Collagraphy, Relief or Planographic. Some of the most popular techniques of making print arts for sale are discussed here so that any art lover can get an insight into the process.

Woodcut

It is a type of relief print in which a design is created on paper or a wood plank and then it is fully transferred on the wood. Thereafter, a cutter cuts away the wood parts that are not supposed to receive the ink. The remaining part is now filled with ink using a brayer, and after that, a damp sheet of paper is placed over it. Then, the woodblock is run through a printing press or rubbed with a spoon.

If a color print is desired, the separate wood blocks are to be used or one can also take the help of reduction printing. The technique can be repeated multiple times to create a print art and only one woodblock will be needed for it.

Etching

It can produce linear print art with fine details and can be of many types, like smooth, sketchy, etc. In this technique, the raised portions can stay neutral, whereas the gaps hold the ink. An acrylic or a waxy ground is used to cover a metal plate made of zinc, steel or copper. Then, an artist uses a pointed needle to draw on the ground.

The metal lines that become pronounced are then etched by putting the plate in an etchant like nitric acid, etc. The exposed metal parts are etched by the etchant and lines are left behind by it. Once the remaining ground is cleaned, the printing can be done on it easily.

Aquatint

It is a type of Intaglio etching which involves the usage of acid to create marks on a metal plate. In etching, a needle is used to create a line that holds the ink, whereas, in Aquatint, powdered rosin is used to recreate the visual effect. The rosin is an acid-resistant substance so that the desired effect can be created by it beautifully. It is applied using a fan booth by light dusting until it completely covers the plate.

Thereafter, it can be scratched out or burnished so that a print art can be created. The acid exposure level can determine the visual impact of an Aquatint print art and therefore, it can be created through multiple large parts at a time.

Engraving

A print art through engraving can be very highly desired because it is an age-old method of designing on a metal plate. It makes use of a firm steel tool called burin that is generally made of copper. It can help in producing unique line quality with clean and steady edges. The engraved plate is covered in ink and then cleared off so that only lines are visible. Then, it is passed through a high-pressure printing press together with a paper so that the paper replicates the print from the lines. It can be repeated many times so that many prints can be taken this way.

These are some of the most common types of print art techniques that are prevalent today. Apart from them, art lovers and manufacturers can also make use of Lithography, Mezzotint, dry point, and many other techniques so that the best print art can be produced.

Image Sources: en.wikipedia.org

Published by Alyssa Moylan