When there is abnormal growth of tissue in the Urinary bladder lining, known as tumour, it creates a lot of complications in the body. If the abnormal growth spreads to the other parts of the body, the consequences can be fatal. This abnormal growth in the bladder is called bladder cancer. It can cause a lot of discomfort if left untreated. Hence, always visit a doctor if you ever suspect of having bladder cancer.   

The reason behind bladder cancer is exposure to harmful substances that lead to abnormal growth of cells in the bladder. Chemicals used in manufacturing processes can also result in abnormal growth of tissue in the bladder. When the body is repeatedly exposed to carcinogenic chemicals, the chances of bladder cancer increase significantly.

Although majority of the people suffering from bladder cancer are men and above the age of 65, bladder cancer can happen to anyone and at any age. So, knowing the early signs of bladder cancer can be very helpful. Cancer treatment in India is quite advanced as well and bladder cancer can easily be treated if diagnosed early. Hence, you should always watch for the following symptoms:-

Traces of blood in urine

One of the early signs of bladder cancer is finding traces of blood in urine. Although it is an obvious sign, women often overlook it and connect the symptoms with menstruation as the bleeding is painless. This can continue for weeks or even months and go unnoticed. So, anyone who finds traces of blood in his or her urine should visit a doctor as soon as possible so that the condition cannot go any worse.

Symptoms similar to UTI

Similar to UTI, patients suffering from early stage of bladder cancer struggle from increased frequency of urination, urgency to urinate, or urinary incontinence. Nearly 30% of the total population with bladder cancer feels the sensation of pain during urination. This is one of the symptoms that bladder cancer shares with UTI, which is why people are often fooled and do not receive bladder cancer treatment on time. Hence, if you ever see any symptom of UTI, visit a doctor as soon as possible. Also, if antibiotics do not work for the UTI symptoms, inform your doctor.

Sensation of pain

People struggling with bladder cancer experience the sensation of pain in their abdomen. It can be anywhere in the flank area or pelvic area. Experiencing pain in the bones is usual after cancer spreads to the bones. Pain for a prolonged period in these areas can be a symptom of bladder cancer and requires the attention of a doctor.

Sudden decrease in appetite

One of the common symptoms of cancer is appetite loss and the same stands for bladder cancer. This symptom is less common in early stages.  However, there are plenty of other reasons that can result in loss of appetite. So, visiting a doctor is recommended instead of drawing your own conclusions.   

Bladder Cancer Signs and Symptoms

Bladder cancer can often be found early because it causes blood in the urine or other urinary symptoms that cause a person to see a health care provider.

Blood in the urine

In most cases, blood in the urine (called hematuria) is the first sign of bladder cancer. There may be enough blood to change the color of the urine to orange, pink, or, less often, dark red. Sometimes, the color of the urine is normal but small amounts of blood are found when a urine test (urinalysis) is done because of other symptoms or as part of a general medical check-up.

Blood may be present one day and absent the next, with the urine remaining clear for weeks or even months. But if a person has bladder cancer, at some point the blood reappears.

Usually, the early stages of bladder cancer (when it's small and only in the bladder) cause bleeding but little or no pain or other symptoms.

Blood in the urine doesn't always mean you have bladder cancer. More often it's caused by other things like an infection, benign (not cancer) tumors, stones in the kidney or bladder, or other benign kidney diseases. Still, it’s important to have it checked by a doctor so the cause can be found.

Changes in bladder habits or symptoms of irritation

Bladder cancer can sometimes cause changes in urination, such as:

  • Having to urinate more often than usual

  • Pain or burning during urination

  • Feeling as if you need to go right away, even when your bladder isn't full

  • Having trouble urinating or having a weak urine stream

  • Having to get up to urinate many times during the night

These symptoms are more likely to be caused by a urinary tract infection (UTI), bladder stones, an overactive bladder, or an enlarge


Published by Sumity Paul