Wine tasting is the art of evaluating wines. Learning how to properly taste wine will give you a greater appreciation for both the wine itself and the winemakers. When wine tasting you utilize sensory of sight smell and taste. Wine tasters evaluate the appearance of the wine in the glass, the fragrance of the wine and the taste of the wine. There is also the "finish" of the wine or the aftertaste.

The art of wine tasting is as follows; color, swirl, smell, taste and savor. A wine taster must try to find clarity. Your wine taster is considering the the different parts of the wine to find out if the wine is balanced. One more thing a taster looks for is the grade of the wine or the clarity of the flavor.

"The Look Of The Wine" 
Here the wine taster is trying to find along with and clarity of the wine. When distinguishing this it is always best to have a white background such as an item of paper of cloth behind the glass. Tilt your poured glass of wine away from you and try to find along with of the wine from the rim edge to the middle of the glass. If it's a dark wine determine if along with is red, brownish, purple, ruby, brick or maroon colored. With white wines you're trying to see if it's clear, greenish, yellow, golden, amber or brownish.

For clarity the wine taster is determining if the wine looks watery or dark. Is it opaque or translucent. Older red wines are generally more translucent than younger red wines. Is the wine dull or brilliant, cloud or clear.

"The Smell Of The Wine" 
The aroma of a wine can be an indicator of both it's quality and it's unique characteristics. Smell is critical in analyzing a wine. The correct procedure in smelling a wine is always to first gently swirl your glass of wine and then have a quick whiff to get a first impression. The swirling of the wine is important to vaporize the alcohol and release the wine's natural aromas.

After your initial whiff, stick your nose down into the glass of wine and inhale through your nose. Does it smell citrusy, flowery, oaky, or like berries or flowers? This second impression smell is important.

"The Taste Of The Wine" 
You're finally ready to taste the wine. You can find three phases to the tasting process. There is the attack phasethe evolution phase, and once we mentioned earlier the finish phase.

In tasting you intend to begin with a small sip and let the wine roll in your tongue. What's your initial impression of the wine? This is actually the attack phase and it involves the acidity, alcohol content, tannin levels and residual sugar. Ideally these four items will meld together so any particular one is no more intense compared to other. In this attack phase you'll receive impressions of the intensity, if the wine is light or heavy, whether it is soft or firm, dry or sweet, and creamy or crisp.

The evolution phase is what the wine's actual taste is in your palate. Here you are determining the flavor profile of the wine. If it's a white wine have you been tasting apples, pears, or is it more floral in nature? Maybe it consists more of honey or even a buttery taste. With red wines you'll start noting fruits such as berry, plum, figs or prunes. Possibly the wine tastes peppery or cinamony or maybe has a woody flavor such as oak or cedar. In this phase you are defining more concerning the taste of the wine.


Published by Charlesa Gibson