Your knee hurts. It aches after a long day of gardening or it feels out-of-whack after shooting hoops or running hills. The pain doesn’t warrant a doctor’s visit right now, but how should you care for your knee? Most medical professionals point to the acronym stands for R.I.C.E:

Rest: Avoid activities that make your knee hurt. Relative rest usually applies to knee pain, participate in your daily activities but stop doing anything that causes your knee to cry out in pain. Motion can help promote healing as long as the motion does not cause pain.

Peas or ice cubes covers the knees better than does an ice pack, a cryo cuff therapy for knees is the 21st century way to heal your wounds faster. The first day, ice the injury for roughly fifteen minutes every hour or few hours. Keep icing your knee frequently for the next few days.

Compression: Gently compress your knee with a knee brace. Buy a brace at your local pharmacy. Some doctors suggest avoiding Ace bandages, as they are difficult to wrap correctly.

Elevation: Elevate your knee I a pillow so it is at the same this as often as possible, while sitting or lying down.

What are MCL & ACL Injuries?

Symptoms: While MCL injuries are the most common ligament problem, sometimes they can go undiagnosed. You may hobble around for a week or two and start to feel better, never visiting a doctor for the problem. Symptoms include pain or inflammation on the inside of your knee. Your knee may hurt if you sleep with your knees one atop another (place a pillow between them to relieve this discomfort). Often you won’t know immediately that you injured your MCL. With a more significant injury, the inside of your knee may hurt more, you may have swelling, or your knee may become unstable.

If you tear your ACL, you will usually know immediately. You might hear a pop and feel severe pain or even a snapping sensation. Your knee will probably swell within a few hours of the accident. Symptoms include pain and your leg giving out when you try to put weight on it.

Explanation: Out of the four ligaments that support the knee and connect its bones, the MCL and ACL are much more likely to become strained or torn. The MCL connects the femur, or thighbone, to the tibia, or shinbone, on the inside of each leg. Inside of the knee, the ACL starts at the back bottom of the femur, crosses the knee, and connects to the front top of the tibia. Both of these ligaments keep motion in check. The MCL stops the leg from moving too far side to side while the ACL stops the shinbone from sliding too far forward. Ligament injuries are classified by degrees: 1 is a sprain, 2 is a partial tear, and 3 is a complete tear. Usually an MCL injury is a grade 1 or a low-grade 2. ACL injuries are usually farther along the spectrum, often resulting in a complete tear, although it is possible to strain your ACL.

Causes: An MCL sprain or tear usually requires some contact trauma, When the knee is hit on the outside, the inner top part of the leg can be forced too far in as the foot moves out. Sports such as football, soccer, and skiing are linked to MCL sprains or tears. Still, complete MCL tears are rare. If an MCL tears, often another ligament will tear, usually the ACL. Although many sports doctors believe the MCL suffers from injury more often, physicians usually diagnose ACL injuries more often. The ACL is usually a noncontact injury, although it is often sports-related. It can happen when the foot remains fixed but the leg keeps moving. Pivoting around hurt their ACL most often during cutting sports, where they change directions quickly, or slow down quickly after moving fast. Examples of cutting sports include football, soccer, basketball, lacrosse, and volleyball. Any sport that requires twisting over a fixed foot can also lead to ACL pain, including skiing.

Published by Devjeet Singh