Also referred to as weight loss surgery, laihdutusleikkaus is a surgical treatment considered a last resort for obese people looking to lose weight. There are many types of bariatric surgery, all of which are performed on people overweight by at least 100 pounds or have a BMI of over 40 and have had the condition for no less than five years.

Why should I consider bariatric surgery?

There are several conditions that can result directly from chronic obesity, such as arthritis, sleep apnea, diabetes and heart disease. If you have tried but failed to regain fitness using diet plans and workout regimens, you should certainly consider going under the knife.

Types of weight loss surgery

  • Lap band surgery. This involves tying of an inflatable band around the upper part of your stomach to increase the time food stays in your gut.
  • Gastric bypass. In this, a small pouch is created and connected directly to the small intestine such that food bypasses part of the stomach. It is done to reduce the stomach capacity and minimize absorption.
  • Gastric sleeve surgery. Gastric sleeve surgery works the same way as gastric bypass only that in the former, part of your stomach is removed for good.

Which type of bariatric surgery should I consider?

The patient may not always be involved in making this decision. Your doctor will choose a treatment for you based on the weight you want to lose, illnesses you may have and several other medical factors.

Before performing the procedure, however, the doctor will explain their choice to you, discuss risks and address any of your concerns.

What risks do I face?

Every surgery has risks. You might lose a lot of blood, react to the anesthetic or pick up an infection. Ask your doctor about all risks involved before agreeing to a surgery.

Does bariatric surgery have perfect substitutes?

Lifestyle change is perhaps the only other tested-and-tried weight loss technique. Weight loss doctors may recommend you try adjusting your diet and subscribing to a weight loss regimen before considering bariatric surgery.

Surgery is considered a shortcut to weight loss, but it exposes you to significantly bigger risks – a good reason why it should come as a last resort. It is advisable that you include your doctor in your decision to go under the knife. If their assessment shows that you can do away with the extra weight by just adjusting your lifestyle, consider giving at shot.

What is needed before a bariatric surgery?

  • Documentation of past unsuccessful weight-loss attempts through exercise, behavior modification, diet change and other plans
  • Consultation with a licensed dietitian and proof or participation in a physician-supervised weight loss plan
  • Assessment to determine the patient’s ability to submit to post-procedural lifestyle and behavioral changes

Your doctor will also have to assess you for signs of underlying medical conditions that might disqualify you from bariatric treatment. For your own comfort and peace of mind, ensure the Health Clinic you entrust with the procedure has qualified personnel and the right equipment to take you through the procedure.

Published by M Yousuf