India took a vow that all of its cars will be electric by the year 2030. Going all-electric within a span of 12 years seems like a possible task now. Truth be told, the demand is increasing for electric cars, and the auto industry is betting big on it. Yet the reality is rather different. The industry is changing very fast. So, it is possible to have an all-electric car fleet in our country but not as fast as we think. The delay is basically because there are a few hurdles to overcome before achieving this goal. This article deals with what needs to happen before the invasion of electric cars.

 

Tesla shocked the auto industry with their $50,000 model 3 but with that price tag, Tesla might find it hard to attract the mass. After the diesel emission scandal, Volkswagen pledged to be the global leaders in electric cars by promising that one in four of its cars could be battery powered by 2025. So does BMW, Mercedes Benz, and all other major manufacturers. With 9 of its cities making it into the top 10 polluted cities in the world, it has become very vital for India to adopt EVs and save the environment from pollution. In India, the Electric Vehicle adoption was first done by Mahindra and now other manufacturers are following their footstep. The sudden proliferation is a sign that electric cars are actually moving into the fast lane. But there are still bits of pieces that need to fall into place before we'll see very widespread adoption.

 

AFFORDABLE BATTERIES:

Batteries are the heart of an electric car. the very high cost of an electric car is due to this battery grid. The battery pack used in Tesla S is around $35,000 and that is around half of the cost of the car. The price of EVs in India can be reduced if some of the proposed battery manufacturing plants start operating soon. Although not confirmed, but two global technology leaders could set up Gigafactories to manufacture lithium-ion cells in India in the next couple of years, according to the head of the India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA). The prices of batteries are stooping and with further developments in increasing the energy density and storage capacity, we can witness a change. With the increasing demand, producers believe that the price of batteries could come down by half. If the prices come down just like how it did for laptop batteries, then that will begin a revolution in the auto industry.

 

SETUP CHARGING STATIONS:

As India is reaching the goal of electric mobility, companies in the charging infrastructure are drawing contours of charging stations. The government has initiated a process to define standards and guidelines for electric charging stations. A number of charging stations are being set up in the country, for instance, many companies such as Fortum have initiated the process of setting up charging stations. Kerala received its first charging station in its capital city, Thiruvananthapuram. Similar e-charging infrastructure will be rolled out in Kochi and Kozhikode in the next phase before extending it across the state as stated by KSEB (Kerala State Electricity Board). The Indian government has proposed to set up EV charging stations every 3 kms in cities with over a million population, and every 50 kms on busy national highways. To achieve the target, 30,000 normal-charging and 15,000 fast-charging stations will be required, with at least two high-charge points and one fast-charging point at every 3 kms in cities. The government provides subsidies to Public Sector Undertakings such as the National Thermal Power Corporation, Power Grid Corp, and Indian Oil Corp to set up charging stations. The NTPC is now setting up such facilities in Maharashtra.

 

Having confident consumers for EVs:

Apart from facts and figures, the consumer needs to understand the pros of using an EV. Also, there is a slight bit of doubt in the minds of people like what happens if the car runs out of charge and there are no charging stations nearby? To eliminate this doubt, the above steps need to be carried out effectively. If the consumers are positive, the market will also be positive.  Also, people will have to shed their attachment to the sound, smell, and feel of petrol engines. I am pretty sure that problem can be solved once they get to know the EVs and what they are capable of.

 

Resources to produce batteries:

China and Chile have the largest reserves of lithium, an important ingredient for producing batteries. The increasing demand for batteries has consequently increased the price of these resources. The manufacturer must keep a check on the price of these resources so that the EVs become affordable.

 

Improved capacity and energy density:

The average distance covered by an EV in a single charge is around 305 km while a full tank petrol engine can cover 765 km. The problem is not with the capacity but the energy density of these batteries. Most batteries don’t have a high energy density. Li-Air is the next big thing scientist are looking forward because of its high energy density compared to Li-ion batteries.

EVs will be ruling the streets if the manufacturers can jump the above-stated hurdles with the aid of government schemes like FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric vehicles). The pros outweigh the cons of having an EV and this is the best time for EV start-ups and other small manufacturers to score big. With more investments, resources, simplified government schemes like FAME, research and development, an EV dominant era can become true. This could also be a major step in saving our planet and striving towards a cleaner and safer environment.