Parkinson’s disease is a long-term neurological disorder that hampers the motor functions of the patient’s body. This causes the patients to shake involuntarily accompanied by episodes of depression, dementia, anxiety and difficulty in walking. The most commonly interpreting symptoms of Parkinson’s syndrome are rigid muscles, involuntary tremors and general imbalance in walking and standing. It is named after the English doctor, James Parkinson who wrote the first paper on this medical condition in 1817.

Causes Of Parkinson's:

The causes of Parkinson’s disease are not well known. It has been well researched that the causes are genetic to some extent, wherein you have a stronger chance of having Parkinson’s disease if someone in the close blood relations has had Parkinson’s in the past. It has been related to the death of Substantia Nigra brain cells, a part of the midbrain, due to past head injuries or high exposure to harmful pesticides. This basically results in lack of dopamine production in the brain, which is a chemical that is responsible for initiating movement as well as for transmitting signals between nerve cells helping in reward mechanisms for motivated actions. Parkinson's disease cure can be achieved to an extent with the help of a certified physiotherapist.
 
Treatment Of PARKINSON’S:
 
However Parkinson’s is a condition that can be treated for its symptoms. Some of the most popular Parkinson's disease treatment methods are as follows:
 
Levodopa – Levodopa is a drug that has the composition of a precursor chemical of dopamine. This helps the brain to convert it readily into dopamine, hence helping with the motor problems and tremors of Parkinson’s disease.
COM-T Inhibitors, MAO-B Inhibitors, Dopamine agonists – These are all drugs which complement Levodopa in helping to revive the dopamine production in the brain.
Exercise – Physical exercise has been proven to help with the motor problems in Parkinson’s, unlike other neurological issues like Alzheimer’s.
Deep Brain Stimulation – This is done by using physical equipment to stimulate the part of the midbrain to revive its functions to improve the motor and speech functions temporarily.
 
Thyroid Condition And Parkinson's:
 
Researchers have shown links between hypothyroidism and Parkinson’s disease. Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid glands do not produce enough thyroid hormone can give rise to rapid weight gain, hoarseness and tiredness. Since both Parkinson’s and hypothyroidism have same clinical features in the course of their progress, hypothyroidism as a separate condition can often go unnoticed in a patient diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease. Hence a thyroid function test should be conducted with a Parkinson’s disease patient mandatorily to diagnose and treat hypothyroidism. There are high probabilities of both the conditions occurring in patients together. Also, the vice versa also can be true wherein the symptoms of hypothyroidism can hide Parkinson’s disease symptoms as good as Parkinson’s disease can conceal hypothyroidism as a separate medical condition.
 
Parkinson’s is a grave disease where the masses need to be made aware of the palliative care and support that a patient with this disease needs.

 

Published by Yamini M