Time is Eternal - 1

Time is eternal. Therefore, time has no beginning and no end. Time is a fractionalization of a cosmic movement and change that are eternal and that maintain the balance of life wherever it exists. They also maintain what is generally understood as mere matter. It is a limitation in human understanding to divide time with many convenient fractions. Such fractions do not exist objectively. They exist only in the human mind. Sun and the moon are important elements of determining time by humans. But both and moon do not determine time by themselves. They are in an eternal cosmic movement that is cyclic. They just keep moving. Humans characterize it as a change of day and night. There is no day and night for the sun and moon. This is the objective truth of the cosmos.

That time is relative, was brought out by an illiterate man in India in a discussion. The context was the visit of a scholar from the Netherlands to one of the villages in Tumkur District. In a discussion with some village leaders, he asked the question: “What is development for you?”

Pat came the reply: “For me, development is to have a watch like yours.”

There was sarcasm on the face of the scholar. He asked with a wry smile: “So, if you have my watch will you have developed?”

The illiterate man replied: “I think you are stupid. When I say that my development is to have a watch like yours, I do not mean to ask for your watch. Some years ago, we used to find time looking at the sun and the moon. During that period, the village landlord used to come and wake us up at 5 in the morning to take us for cheap labor in his land. We just had time to wash our face and rush to his land. When we came back it used to be 6 in the evening. We had time only to wash our body, eat and go to sleep. Our life has changed now with the intervention of some of our leaders. The landlord is not able anymore to come and wake us up. We wake up when we want and go to work only after having had a good breakfast and we come back by 5 in the evening. We do not follow the time of the landlord. We follow our own time. This is what I meant when I told you that I must have a watch like yours. It is our attempt to overcome the landlord’s concept of time that he imposed on us.”

Needless to say that the scholar was stunned to silence for some time!

It is a very positive thing that humans have organized their life around the cosmic movement for a clear understanding of what they should do when. What exists is the cosmic movement and our movements along that line. Humans have named it ‘time’ for a collective understanding and organization of their own movement.

Scientists are making many attempts to determine the age of cosmic elements such as the earth. It is equivalent to determine the origin and end of space. Only human bodies have beginning and end as they are constructed. Space and time that are essentials of the cosmos do not have beginning and end. Life, in particular forms, has the limitation of beginning and end. But existence is eternal. There can be no diminution and expansion in space.

When the Bible says that in the beginning was the word and the word was God, it is destroying the foundations of understanding the truth of the cosmos. There can be no beginning in the cosmos. The cosmos always is. There is no past and future in the cosmos. These are the limitations of bodily existence. As limitations, their existence is objective but not beyond being limitations of bodily living. It is such limitations of understanding that make some lovers say, even euphemistically that they existed for millions of years together. The truth is that they exist eternally without beginning and without end. Forms of existence and living may change but there is no beginning.

The present form of existence is derived from something that has no beginning and no end. The cosmic balance is maintained through cosmic waves, which are as young as the cosmos itself.  The youth of the Cosmos comes from the fact that time is just one moment. It is a human weakness that counts time in fractions. Liberation of human beings is closely linked to their ability to merge with this timelessness of the cosmos. Other beings in the cosmos including the material ones have already merged into the cosmos, as they do not count their existence in fractions of time. They are simply there in the cosmos.

In a way of saying humans can say that they have existed for millions of years. Some lovers romantically convey that their love is millions of years old. Some say that they knew their lovers from previous births. Euphemistically this can be accepted. But the truth is all beings exist in their present form at a moment. They exist eternally in different forms and their existence is congruent with the existence of the Cosmos. Birth and death are human categories. Nobody is born and nobody dies. Their forms change and they keep changing along with the Cosmic movement and change. Nothing new can come into the Cosmos. There can be only the movement of the Cosmos and there is nothing new in it. Thus, the story of creation in religions is a blatant manifestation of human ignorance born out of an arrogant appropriation of knowledge.

Just imagine that there is a New Year. Can anything be new in time? It is just another cyclic movement of the Cosmos with a day and night. Likewise, we can say about the month and the week. The Cosmos just keeps moving and changes related to these movements take place. There is nothing like a new year, another month and another week. These are the arrangements human mind makes in order to create more problems for humanity. Human beings create the beginning and the end of time that do not exist at all. Then they create something beyond time in order to perpetuate themselves as they are in the present form. If you read Paul’s writings in the New Testament you will see that first he said that no one would die. Jesus would come and take them to the world beyond time. Jesus did not come and many started dying. They also raised questions about the authenticity of Paul’s pronouncements. Then he legitimized himself by saying that even if they died Jesus would come and raise them from the dead. Jesus did not come. He extended his argument tamely to ‘the end of time’ when Jesus would come to raise all the dead and sit in the judgment seat. This is a blatant attempt to overcome the Cosmic cycle of movement and change. The Human mind wants to cling on to the present form of existence whereas the Cosmic cycle has a different design. Forms of existence will change and this is necessary to keep the planet in their positions intact.

There can be nothing beyond time and nothing beyond space. The idea of beyond is in itself contradictory when applied to time and space. Both have no boundaries to even apply the concept of being beyond. The idea of beyond time and space has to be simply dismissed. One can say beyond oneself as the human body is a boundary.

 

TIME IS ETERNAL - 2

 

One of the realities that haunt human mind is the question of matter. Can matter be eternal? Can the earth be eternal? Can the planets be eternal? There must be a creator, who is the cause of the universe. Human mind creates an essential tie between the cause and the caused. This is a clear limitation of the human mind. The limitation becomes evident when the same human mind says that god, the creator is eternal. He lives in timelessness. He is the cause of everything that exists. Note that the creator of the human mind is not gender neutral. When Moses asks god his name the voice in the Bush says, “I am who am”, the YHWH. This “I am who am” existed much before the universe was created, that is much before the cause caused anything. Therefore, there was a time when the cause did not cause anything or can we say that the cause caused itself? If the cause caused itself it comes within the perimeter of time. Our question is: How can a cause exist without causing anything? By implication, creation would mean that there was a time when god did not create anything, both material, and living. This will mean that there was a time when the cause was not the cause. Or to put it differently, there was a time when the cause became the cause. Becoming necessarily implies subjecting oneself to the boundaries of time.

This will bring us to the question of being and becoming. For the sake of argument, we can say that till he became the cause god was just being, “I am who am”. But there was a time when the being became. Time separated the being without being the cause and time marked the becoming of the being. Therefore, the cause that is supposed to be only ‘being’ became a cause within the framework of time. If that is the beginning of time what was the ‘being’ that existed? Can we say then that time started when the being ‘became’ the cause? Only this will legitimize the premise that the being existed in timelessness. Will the end of the universe then mark the going back of the cause to a state of being? If we sat yes, then we have to agree that the being causes the becoming and also causes its end. The simple conclusion we can draw is that the universe could not have been caused within the framework of time. It will be a simple and contradictory speculation to think of a cause within the framework of time. Such a contradiction comes because of an unhealthy mixture of faith with reason.

The cause has caused everything that exists, says faith drawn from Scriptures of respective religions. But the question that remains unanswered is which cause caused space and time. It is quite evident that space cannot be caused by another cause. Space is unlimited without any boundaries. Space is eternal. The material universe is inseparable from space. Space is neither a cause nor is it caused. Time is not caused either. If one says that time is caused it becomes self-contradictory. The moment something is caused it falls within the boundaries of time. If the cause is beyond time, the act of causing falls within the boundaries of time. Or we must say that being the cause and the act of causing are timeless. In such a case we shall be compelled to acknowledge that space and time are simultaneous to the cause.

That the cause could have been caused by human limitations becomes evident when the male gender is ascribed to the creator. If human mind has caused the cause (supposedly) then the cause itself falls within the framework of time. The cause (god) as timeless is a contradiction in terms. If the act of causing is timeless then what is caused also becomes timeless. In this case, there will be many eternal beings. Therefore, it will be good to leave the question of god to the realm of beliefs of limited human feelings and intellect. It is preposterous on the part of human intellect to even try to assert the existence of something that is timeless. It will be good also to give up the discourses, the premises, and syllogisms of timelessness. Something that is bound by time cannot adequately dwell on timelessness.

Is the existence of the Universe, of matter, of living beings etc. all that are ascribed a temporary existence bound by time or are they eternal?

Published by M C Raj