INTRODUCTION:

Medical science, defines Female infertility for a woman up to 35 years, as the condition of not been able to get pregnant even after trying to do so for a year at least. If the woman is over 35 years, then the time period reduces to 6 months. Also, a woman is said to be infertile is she has repeated miscarriages. With problems in being able to produce eggs, women tend to become infertile.

A couple of medical cases are mentioned below due to which a women does not produce eggs and as a results becomes infertile. They are –

1.     PCOS – Probably, the most common reason, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome i.e. PCOS is responsible for many a woman being infertile. In this condition, the ovaries are either not able to release an egg regularly or not able to release a healthy egg.

2.     Primary Ovarian Insufficiency – In this medical condition, the ovaries stop operating before natural menopause, making the woman infertile.

REASONS FOR A WOMAN BEING INFERTILE:

There are many reasons which are said to ultimately lead to a woman being infertile. They include factors relating to stress, aging, hormones or lifestyle.

TESTS FOR INFERTILITY

Few tests by which infertility is determined are

-        HSG – Hysterosalpingography
-        Laparoscopy

THE DIFFERENT STEPS TO TREAT FEMALE INFERTILITY

With the advancement in medical science, there are treatment now which treats infertility whether in a man or a woman. Age is a major factor to be considered before start of any infertility treatment. With treatment, certain woman get pregnant easily while it might take time for others. Proper counselling should always be done to the patient and her partner.  The different steps of female infertility treatment are mentioned below –

1.     Medication / Fertility Drugs - Doctors prescribe medicines for patients with ovulation problems in order to treat their infertility problem. They are drugs that help the ovaries to release multiple eggs unlike the natural process of one egg being released each month. Ovulation is regulated with the help of fertility eggs. Certain risks are involved by use of fertility drugs as it can it lead to multiple births, ovarian tumour in the future or swollen ovaries.

2.     Medication of treating PCOS – By taking certain drugs, PCOS can be treated and ovulation becomes normal and hence chances of getting pregnant increases.

3.     IVF ie. In Vitro Fertilization – IVF comes under the assisted reproductive treatment. The procedure involves recovering the mature eggs from the woman and the sperm of the partner and then fertilizin both the egg and sperm in a dish in a laboratory. After fertilization, the embryos are transferred back into the uterus of the woman. This treatment is a long duration treatment. Before the actual procedure, many blood tests are performed. Also, hormone injections are given daily or at regular intervals. The advantage of this procedure is that many embryos can be placed in the uterus leading to multiple births if the procedure is successful.

4.     Intrauterine Insemination – A medical procedure, the doctor places the semen after its rinsed with a special solution into the uterus when the woman is ovulating.

5.     Egg Donation – If a patient has a normal working uterus but not ovaries, then egg donation can be an option to treat the female infertility. The eggs of a donor after being fertilized via IVF is transferred to the uterus of the patient.

6.     Hysteroscopy – A medical procedure in which the surgeon places a hysteroscope  into the woman’s uterus through the cervix. It helps to open up blocked tubes if any and remove polyps increasing the chances of getting pregnant.

7.     Laparoscopy – Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure, in which the surgeon puts a laparoscope through a cut near the navel to remove the scar tissue, open blocked tubes or remove the ovarian cysts.

CONCLUSION:

Along with the treatment, the couple needs proper counselling. The process may be time taking with or without results. In both cases, they should be counselling. These sessions should be continuous and even after the procedure is complete if necessary. The couple should be mentally ready for any negative results as the treatments are emotionally draining. The couple should feel free to ask for help in need arises. It is also essential to keep fit during the whole process. So, regular exercise is a necessity and always take a healthy diet. Always follow the doctors advice properly. This is the core of all things. Whatever your doctor has told you, whether it’s the diet, exercises, state of mind – follow it systematically. Lastly, try to be stress free. This is also very important. A lot will be going through your mind through the treatment, no matter which treatment you choose. So, keep calm and relieve yourselves of stress. It will work miracles.

Published by Eric Foley