Choosing CBD Products: Methods Of Extraction, Types & Common Formats


Choosing CBD Products: Methods Of Extraction, Types & Common Formats

Dec 7, 2020, 12:26:16 PM Life and Styles

Nowadays, the CBD market offers a wide variety of CBD products available to the general public, so it can seem slightly overwhelming to know where to start when on your CBD journey. It is best to focus on what dose of CBD you are interested in to meet your specific needs and research into the spectrum category and type of the product to identify how it will benefit you. Therefore, let’s shed light on the common methods of extracting CBD oil, main types of cannabidiol and CBD products varieties.

Extracting The Healing Agent

CBD oil needs to be decarboxylated (subjected to heat) to be properly absorbed by the human body. While drying cannabis can help with this to an extent, it is only suitable for plant material that will be further subjected to heat through vaping or smoking. This might work for those who enjoy inhaling it.

However, when it comes to orally ingested and other forms of consumption, this will not work. Hence, CBD needs to be separated from the plant material. A variety of processes are used to do this. Some of the more common processes include:

Olive oil

Historically, CBD was extracted using olive oil. The plant matter is heated to a certain temperature to decarboxylate it. The heated matter starts releasing the phytochemicals. Olive oil is added to this and heat applied again. This is when the CBD extract is produced. While it is a simple, low-cost and safe method, it is limited by the perishability of the olive oil. The presence of the oil also makes it unsuitable for certain products.

Solvent extraction

This involves the use of a solvent like alcohol, butane, ethanol, isopropyl or propane to react with the plant matter and extract the CBD. The dried plant matter is placed in a container, and the chosen solvent is run through it. While it does so, the solvent strips the plant matter of all CBD. Then the residue is evaporated to produce concentrated oil. 

It is fast and cheap and hence is the most preferred method of extraction. However, the inflammable nature of the solvents used makes it a tricky process to work with. The process produces an extract of CBD and chlorophyll, which gives the extract a bitter, grassy taste. It is also critical to ensure that after the process, no trace of the solvent remains. Any traces could prove toxic.

CO2 extraction

Carbon Dioxide is the process most large-scale manufacturers of CBD currently use. A typical CO2 extraction machine has three chambers. The first contains pressurised dry ice (CO2), the second includes the dried hemp plant material, and the final chamber is where the output is collected. This is a much safer method than using solvents, as it produces a high-quality extract with no fear of toxic contamination. However, it requires considerable investment and cannot be a viable option unless one has deep pockets.

Three Types Of CBD Extract

The choice of extraction method and the processes involved have a great deal of bearing on the final product. There are three industry-recognised varieties of the final product.

Full-spectrum CBD

When the extract contains all the phytochemicals naturally from in the plant, it is said to be full-spectrum. When it comes to hemp, full-spectrum also has negligible limits of THC (below 0.3%). Full-spectrum is thought to work better because each of the active compounds provides more benefits when combined together – just as nature intended. In the industry, this is what is termed as the ‘entourage effect’. The sum of the constituent parts works better than the whole!

Broad-spectrum CBD

Broad-spectrum CBD is similar to full-spectrum with one key difference - it has absolutely no THC. After extraction, all traces of THC compound are completely removed. While the various types of cannabidiol present continue to work with one another to produce the required wellness effects, they do so without even the 0.3% chance of causing any psychoactive effects.

CBD Isolate

CBD isolate, as the name suggests, isolates CBD from all other phytochemicals in the plant. It is the purest form of CBD oil available and is 99% pure. The final product is in the form of a white, flavourless powder. Contrary to popular belief, a full or broad-spectrum base works much better than the isolate base because of the aforementioned entourage effect.

Kinds Of CBD Products For Wellness

CBD can be taken in different formats, and with the growth of the popularity of CBD, the types of CBD products have also risen. Here are some of the common methods on how to take CBD oil:

Tinctures and oils

CBD in tincture form is easy to measure and easy to use. They are almost always used with a dropper so that the measurement can always be accurate. They have advantages in that they are simple to use, are quick to use and extremely fast-acting. According to studies, most people feel the effects in as little time as ten minutes.


Just as they sound, CBD capsules are CBD in capsule form. The capsules are distributed in different concentrations and can be taken as a part of the daily routine as many times as is advisable. They are a popular form of CBD but work not so fast to provide the desired effect due to the digestion process. 


CBD in edible forms can be gummies, sweets, mints, chocolate and even tea. There are little limits to what CBD can be added to, yet people may even incorporate CBD as an ingredient in their everyday meal plans. Arguably, this is one of the easier methods of consuming CBD. Products vary in taste and strength, and it is down to personal preference. 


CBD vape oil, as well as vape pens, are a very efficient method to take cannabinoids. Inhaling CBD increases the rate of absorption, which means the effects of this form of CBD can be felt much faster than other methods. However, there has been an increase in concern about the health dangers posed by vaping.

Published by mistyjhones

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