Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a world-famous Austrian composer. He was born in January 1756, in Salzburg city, Austria. His father, Leopold Mozart, a famous composer, instructor, and the biographer of popular writings on violin playing. He described Mozart’s birth as a “miracle from God” since he seemed very small and weak to survive (Solomon 1995). Theophilus is Wolfgang Mozart’s second name and it means “loved by God” in Greek. Mozart liked to use the Latin translation, “Amadeus” (Allman 2004).
Leopold Mozart was then in the service of the archbishop of Salzburg. He was married to Anna Maria, and they implemented the importance of music to their children, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Mozart’s nickname at that time was “Wolfie” (McDonough 2003). Wolfgang and with his sister Nannerl, received intensive musical training that by the age of three, Mozart had learned to play Clavier, which was a traditional stringed instrument that had a keyboard. Mozart was capable of playing the harpsichord and violin as well as a professional when he was only five years old. Mozart was a rare musical genius (Salvi 19977). By the age of six, he was a promising composer and a talented keyboard performer, and he also was playing in front of royalty at this age.
In 1762 Leopold presented Wolfgang as a musician at the imperial court in Vienna. In addition, from 1763 to 1766 he accompanied both children Wolfgang and Nannerl on a continuous musical tour across Europe, which included prolonged visits to Paris in France, and London in England. as well as visits to many other cities, with appearances before the French and English royal families.
Mozart was the most celebrated child prodigy (an unusually gifted child) of this time as a keyboard performer. He also made a great impression as a composer and improviser (one who arranges or creates). He was a prominent representative of the Viennese classical school, a musician of universal talent that became apparent in his early childhood. In London, he won the admiration of musician Johann Christian Bach.
From the age of ten to seventeen, Mozart's reputation as a composer grew to a degree of maturity equal to that of most older established musicians. He spent the years from 1766 to 1769 at Salzburg writing instrumental works and music for school dramas in German and Latin, and in 1768 he produced his first real operas: the German Singspiel (that is, with spoken dialogue). At age fourteen he set off for Italy to try to make his way as an opera composer.
In Italy, Mozart was well acknowledged. In Milan, Italy, he obtained payment for opera work. In Rome, he was made a member of an honorary knightly order by the Pope (Allman 2004). Besides, at Bologna, Italy, the Accademia Filarmonica awarded him membership despite a rule normally requiring candidates to be twenty years old. During these years of travel in Italy and returns to Salzburg between journeys, he produced his first large-scale settings of opera seria Mitridate, Ascanio in Alba and Lucio Silla in the years 1770, 1771 and 1772 respectively. In addition, in 1771 he released his first-string quartets.
After that, Mozart moved to Paris, but after nine difficult months in Paris, Mozart returned once more to Salzburg, having been unable to secure a position and unhappy by the entire experience. At that time, also Mozart was depressed after the death of his mother in the midst of his stay in Paris. Since he was not able to get hired for an opera, he wrote music to order in Paris. Also, he began giving lessons to make money. It worth to mention that although his young age he earned considerable money from his successful operas, he was an overgenerous spender and frequently ended up in financial straits (McDonough 2003). Moreover, although he was a master of every form of music he wrote and he was one of the supreme pianists of his generation, he spent utmost of his life looking for a job (Allman 2014).
Mozart's years in Vienna, from age twenty-five to his death at thirty-five, cover one of the greatest developments in a short span in the history of music. In these ten years, Mozart's music grew rapidly beyond the realm of many of his contemporaries; it exhibited both ideas and methods of elaboration that few could follow, and to many, the late Mozart seemed a difficult composer. This brilliant composer created more than twenty operas, over fifty symphonies, concertos for violin and piano. Besides he wrote created symphonies to the chamber and instrumental (trios, quartets, quintets, etc.), piano works (sonatas, variations, and fantasies), “Requiem,” masses, choral works, and songs.
Requiem was the last project for Mozart. Although Mozart was ill and exhausted, he managed to finish the first two movements and sketches. The last three sections were completely missing when he died. According to Mozart’s wife, Constanze. Mozart believed he was being poisoned and that he was composing his Requiem for himself at the end of his life (Vernon 1996). Requiem was completed by Mozart’s pupil Franz Süssmayer after Mozart’s death. In 1791 in, Vienna, the first performance of Requiem occurred
The real fame derived to Mozart after passing. The name of Mozart has become an emblem of ultimate musical talent and innovative genius, the unity of beauty and truth of life. Several musicians, writers, philosophers and scientists highlight the intrinsic value of Mozart’s masterpieces and a huge role in the spiritual life of mankind.
As a summary, Mozart was the creator of the classic forms of concerto for solo instrument and orchestra. Emotions and passion are ideal for Mozart's pieces of music. Mozart, as well as endurance and strong will. In his music, the grace and tenderness of the gallant style are retained. The creativity of Mozart is focused primarily on the enhanced expression of the soul world, on a patriotic display of the reality in its variety. The music of Mozart conveys the feeling of fullness of life, joy of life, as well as human suffering while experiencing the oppression of the unjust social system. In this spiritual music, everyone can feel a passionate striving for happiness and joy. Even though sometimes grief prevails, the clear, melodious and vital mood is predominant.
Published by Mohamed Abouzid