Law 18/2014, of 15 October, approving urgent measures for growth, competitiveness and efficiency establishes large penalties (which could reach up to 60 million euros) for those who do not comply with the rules on energy efficiency. One of them is the obligation to install individual meters. Quiet, in this case, the fine is from 1,000 to 10,000 euros.
Royal Decree 736/2000, of 4 August, states, verbatim, "the obligation of end-users of heating and cooling to install individual meters that measure the consumption of thermal energy, provided that it is technically feasible and economically profitable, so that it is allowed to know and optimize their real energy consumption". That is, it is the end of central heating.
If the thermal installation is not excluded, the regulatory text continues, the owner will have the obligation to request from any of the installation companies, authorized in accordance with the Regulation of Thermal Installations in Buildings (RITE), a budget in which it is determined, among other issues, the technical viability and economic profitability of the specific installation.
And, only if the budget concludes that the installation of proposed individualized accounting equipment is technically feasible and economically profitable, the operator must proceed with its installation within a maximum period of 15 months, from the deadline set for the request for the budget.
When do I have to request a quote for the installation of individual meters?
1 February 2021 for buildings for use other than housing and, in climate zone E, for buildings of 20 or more dwellings. Deadline to complete the installation: May 1, 2022.
1 July 2021 in climate zone E, for buildings with less than 20 dwellings, and in climate zone D, for buildings of 20 or more dwellings. Deadline: October 1, 2022.
December 1, 2021, in climate zone D, for buildings with less than 20 dwellings, and in climate zone C, for buildings of 20 or more dwellings. Deadline: March 1, 2023.
February 1, 2022, in climate zone C, for buildings of less than 20 homes. Deadline: May 1, 2023.
When can you continue with central heating without individual meters?
The thermal installations excluded from the obligation are:
Due to technical non-reliability, both due to the installation and the impossibility of regulation:
Heating systems equipped with heat emitters connected in series (serial monotubes) are exempt from the obligation to install individualized energy meters, provided that they serve more than one user in the same ring.
Any system that does not allow to individualize both consumption and the management of the system user to user.
Also the following systems: heating system equipped with heat emitters connected in series (monotubes in series), if it is an installation in columns (more than one user per column); fan coils, and aerothermal.
Due to lack of economic profitability, thermal heating installations located in climatic zones α, A and B are exempt from those defined in the Basic Energy Saving Document of Part II of the Technical Building Code, approved by Royal Decree 314/2006, of March 17.
Penalties for non-compliance with energy policy rules
On the one hand, there are the penalties for infringements typified within the scope of the national system of energy efficiency obligations. Within them, the very serious ones are those that entail fines of 6 million to 60 million euros. They are as follows:
Stop entering within the legally or statutorily established deadlines the amounts that correspond to the National Energy Efficiency Fund when the annual contribution is greater than 5 million euros.
Stop providing the corresponding energy saving certificates to justify compliance with the savings obligation to the manager of the national system of energy efficiency obligations when the annual obligation exceeds 70 GWh.
Obtaining an energy-saving certificate by providing false documentation.
The falsification or concealment of data on energy sales or any other information requested by the Administration.
Obtaining the status of accredited subject in the national system of energy efficiency obligations by providing false documentation.
The breach by the accredited subjects of the obligation to maintain the validity of the civil liability insurance contract or financial guarantee that covers the risks that may arise from their actions.
However, failure to comply with the obligation to install individual meters is among the infractions in terms of energy audits, accreditation of service providers and energy auditors, promotion of the efficiency of energy supply and accounting for energy consumption.
It is classified as serious and involves a fine of 1,000 to 10,000 euros. The rest of the infractions with the same valuation are:
The performance of the energy audit without its content reaches the minimum requirements and criteria established by law or regulation.
Failure to comply with the obligation to carry out cost and benefit analyses in the cases established in the promotion of energy efficiency in the production and use of heat and cold.
The exercise of the activity of service providers without complying with the requirements required by law or regulation.
The exercise of the activity of an energy auditor without complying with the requirements required by law or regulation.
This is the result of the transposition into Spanish law of Directive 2012/27/EU. It is Article 9 of that directive that concerns meters.
Much earlier, Royal Decree 1618/1980, of July 4, regulated the obligation to install domestic hot water meters in all buildings, a regulation approved within the Regulation of Heating, Air Conditioning and Domestic Hot Water Installations.
Published by oliver jack