Civil Engineering: Its History, Its Branch, and Its Role

Are you a civil engineering student? This engineering branch has a general responsibility to design, build, maintain and manage the entire process of public and private facilities development. The facilities in question can be in the form of piping, public roads, highways, dams, bridges, tunnels, water treatment systems, airports, tall buildings, and many others. The scope of responsibility of civil engineers is also to oversee the activities and overall performance of the people involved in a development project.

Why is it called civil engineering?

Perhaps this question often appears in our minds. Then why is it called civil engineering not in a more imaginable term like mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, mining engineering, or industrial engineering? The term mechanical engineering of course is related to the machine. Historically, in the past (in war) the engineering profession for designing buildings was usually identified with the military. The profession was one part of the military post that had the task of designing defense fortresses, military posts, roads, bridges and other war supporting buildings.

After the war, the engineers needed to rebuild the ruined city, arranging the city to be more organized as needed. Over time, this profession was separated from the military and became civil engineering to distinguish it from military engineering. After the war, the engineers needed to rebuild the ruined city, arranging the city to be more organized as needed. Over time, this profession was separated from the military and became “civil engineering” to distinguish it from military engineering.

The principles used by civil engineering in designing buildings, bridges and other infrastructure are very different from those used by military engineering. Instead of being used to design a variety of temporary buildings, civil engineering is used to design infrastructures with longer lifespan, really needed to meet the public interest. The term civil engineering itself was introduced by John Smeaton; an Englishman who at that time has many works to build various structures, one of which is "Eddystone Lighthouse" built in 1756

Some well-known branches of Civil Engineering


This is a branch that studies the structural problems of materials used for development. Some types of building material options include steel, concrete, wood, glass or other materials. In this branch, students learn in depth all matters relating to structural planning of buildings, roads, bridges, tunnels from foundation construction to buildings ready for use. After this study, you can go work in a lot of different places, even a CNC machine shop is a possibility.

Geo technical

It is a branch that studies the structure and properties of various soils and rocks in supporting a building that will stand on it. The scope can be a field investigation that is an investigation of the soil conditions of an area, laboratory investigations and land and rock construction plans, such as piles, excavations, soft soil tunnels, rock tunnels, dams, and so on.

Hydrology and the Environment

This is the branch that studies the water and the natural environment as well as the control and the problems. Some points in this branch are water hydrology, hydraulics, and water-building constructions such as canals and irrigation canals.

The study

If you’re a student of civil engineering you should train yourself in daily basis. Train yourself in question is by working, calculating, analyzing all matters related to the civil engineering. Try to study the topic of your civil engineering homework before and if you meet one or more difficulties, clicking and contacting online services are two recommended steps.

By training or exercising regularly you, as a civil engineering student, can deepen your whole civil engineering knowledge. You will unconsciously find yourself able to understand key points in solving various civil engineering cases

Published by sandeep Malik


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