Effect of smoking on reproductive system

Effect of smoking on reproductive system

Oct 21, 2017, 1:58:23 AM Life and Styles

We all know that smoking has a terrible effect on the respiratory system on any individual, and you don't even have to be a smoker as standing next to one can also damage your lungs because of second-hand smoke. The second part of the harm is related to the reproductive system of both men and women.

The female reproductive system

First, we have the vagina, an elastic muscular tube that causes the uterus to communicate with the outside. It is between the urethra and the rectum and ends in a hole around the labia majora. There is also the uterus, a muscular and hollow organ that is in the inferior part of the belly. The uterus has three layers that are the endometrium, smooth muscles, and elastic tissue. It is also known as the womb, is the organ of gestation.

We also have to remember there are fallopian tubes which connect the uterus with the ovaries. Its structure is similar to the tubes that communicate the uterus with the inner part of the abdomen. And finally the ovaries (female gonads), the size of the almonds. They are in the area of ​​the pelvis (one on each side of the uterus). Its function is to produce an egg every 28 days (depending on the cycle of menstruation).

The male reproductive system

The structure of the reproductive tract is divided into internal organs, which are inside the pelvis (vesicles, prostate, urethra, and glands), and external organs (penis, testicles, and epididymis), which are outside of it and are called genitals.

It consisted of two glands called testicles, of ovoid shape and located inside covers called bags. The testicles have an external secretion, which is the sperm, formed by the spermatozoa, and a viscous liquid that serves as a vehicle; and an internal secretion, which is the testicular hormone. Sperm is the male's sex cells, destined to unite with the ovaries of the woman's ovary and produce the new being.

Both reproductive devices produce sexual gametes, but women produce eggs (which are generated in the ovaries) while men produce sperm (which are generated in the testicles).

Tobacco and sexual health

Currently, the media point out the damage caused by tobacco mainly in the respiratory system, as well as cancer in the lung. However, the deterioration that it causes, mainly in the woman, is not known. Some smokers have swapped to vaping to reduce their risk because they won't be inhaling smoke anymore, electronic cigarettes use the best e-liquid and a vaporizer to introduce nicotine into the bloodstream without the toxic effects of tar.

Some of the complications that can be avoided by quitting smoking are:

Infertility, damage to the female reproductive system, tooth loss as well as cerebrovascular diseases.

Smoking during pregnancy is the leading cause of infant mortality as well as congenital malformations and cardiac conditions. The woman smoking can develop clots during pregnancy and thereby lead to an embolism. Also, ectopic pregnancies (outside the uterus) are constant when they smoke.

Not being able to get pregnant, to a large extent, is due to smoking, tobacco compounds have an antiestrogenic effect, that is, they compete with estrogens; causing menstrual cycles without ovulation, making gestation impossible.

What about men?

Experts point out that approximately 27% of erectile problems have their origin in tobacco. Recent research has shown that erectile dysfunction is 2.5 times more frequent in male smokers, especially at ages below 50 years. From this age, the effect of smoking on this sexual function decreases progressively until it is annulled around 70 years.

Also, there is a clear relationship between the number of cigarettes consumed and the risk of having erection problems. What is not yet known is the mechanism by which smoking affects erection, although it is known to cause an impaired balance of male sex hormones.

Tobacco nicotine affects the quality of the sperm in men, as well as the genetic material of the gametes causing infertility. On the other hand, the tobacco produces damages in the respiratory and gastric systems, presenting in some cases even cancerous diseases.

If you want to have a child, you need to quit. Tobacco is one of the external agents that most affects the reproductive health of men and women. If you want to preserve your fertility and avoid possible problems in pregnancy, say goodbye to tobacco.


Published by sandeep Malik

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