Mushroom farming


Oct 5, 2021, 1:20:54 PM News

Mushroom farming is a cost-effective way to convert agricultural wastes into valuable protein, with enormous potential for increased revenue and jobs. In India, the full potential of mushroom cultivation and farming is yet to be realized.

Steps involved in Mushroom Farming

1.     Compost Preparation

It is the first phase of mushroom cultivation. In the open spaces, clean, concrete-based raised platforms are used to prepare a compost yard. The platforms must be raised high enough to prevent extra water from collecting at the heap. Compost is made in trays that are 100x50x15 inches in size. There are two types of it:

·        Compost made from natural materials

·        Compost made of synthetic materials

2.     Phase I Composting

Depending on the raw components, it can take anywhere from 5 to 18 days. After all of the raw ingredients, such as straw, horse manure, poultry manure, and gypsum, have been thoroughly combined, the yard is evenly spread, the surface is sprayed with water to moisten the straw. As the heap ferments, the temperature rises, and ammonia is released, causing the straw to open up.

After this process, the compost is known as "Phase I-compost" or "Fresh compost." When the compost is ready, it is placed in a tunnel, which is a closed room.

3.     Phase II Composting

Pasteurization and compost conditioning are included in phase II. The compost is pasteurized to kill micro-organisms and then treated to eliminate ammonia created during the fermentation process. The compost is then referred to as "phase II compost" or "spawning compost."

4.     Casing

Casing soil will serve as a growing medium for a variety of mushrooms. It's formed by combining peat and other organic materials. To destroy bugs, nematodes, insects, and other moulds, it must be sterilized either with formalin solution or by steaming after it has been produced.

5.     Pinning

Cooling occurs as mycelium begins to develop on the soil's surface. The fluffy mycelium begins to compress after 5-6 days of cooling due to colder air and lower CO2, resulting in the creation of a pin or pinhead. Pin formation is the name given to this epoch. After then, the relative humidity in the room is gradually reduced until the pins begin to grow into mushrooms. It takes 5 to 7 days from seed to harvest-able mushroom.

6.     Harvesting

The terms flush, break, and bloom refer to the 3-to-5-day harvest periods that occur during the cropping cycle, followed by a few days when no mushrooms are available for harvest. This cycle repeats itself in a regular pattern, and harvesting can continue as long as the mushrooms mature.

The cap should be gently twisted off while harvesting. It should be gently grasped with the forefingers, pressed against the dirt, and then twisted off.

Rocket Skills is an educational technology platform that promises to make upskilling through high-quality online mentor ship and well-organized online courses more accessible and inexpensive for anyone looking to start a business with a small investment. They offer the highest-quality mushroom farming training online, covering all areas and intricacies of the technique.

Published by Shubham Dhyani

Written by Shubham Dhyani


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