Vaginal discharge is a necessary part of the female reproductive system's housekeeping. Glands produce small amounts of fluid in your vaginal and cervix. Every day, this fluid comes out of the vagina, removing old cells lining the vagina. Vaginal discharge is a perfectly natural occurrence. This is your body's way of maintaining a healthy and clean vaginal environment.
Other than the customary vaginal bleeding during menstruation, a certain quantity of vaginal discharge (the fluid that pours out the vaginal orifice) is normal. Vaginal discharge is normally clear or milky in appearance and does not have a foul odour. Your monthly cycle affects the colour and thickness of your discharge. When you ovulate (when one of your ovaries releases an egg), nurse, or are sexually stimulated, the discharge thickens.
An increase in discharge volume, a change in the colour or smell of the discharge, and irritation, itching, or burning in or around your vagina are all signs of a problem. Vaginitis is the medical term for this condition. When you don't have your period, a discharge stained with blood could be a symptom of a problem. If you notice any of these symptoms, you should consult your online lady doctor.
What Can Cause the Abnormal Discharge?
Any alteration in the normal bacteria balance in the vaginal canal might impact the discharge’s smell, colour, or texture. Here are a few factors that can throw the equilibrium off:
- Use of antibiotics or steroid
- Bacterial vaginosis is a bacterial infection that is more common in pregnant women or has several sexual partners.
- Pills for birth control
- Cervical cancer, a type of cancer that affects the female
- Sexually transmitted illnesses such as chlamydia or gonorrhoea (STDs)
- Douching, scented soaps
- a pelvic infection following surgery.
- Irritation in or around the vagina
- Yeast infections
- Pelvic inflammatory disease(PID)
- Trichomoniasis, a parasite ailment that spreads through unprotected sexual contact.
- The thinning and drying out of the vaginal tissue is vaginal atrophy, which sets in after menopause.
Consult your online lady doctor or gynaecologist if your vaginal discharge becomes more frequent, changes colour or odour, or becomes itchy or irritated. To make a diagnosis, your gynaecologist will need to examine you. Questions about your symptoms will be asked during the examination. Your gynaecologist will also perform a pelvic exam to check for inflammation and discharge. In addition, the gynaecologist will most likely take a sample of the discharge to send to the lab.
Is it Possible to Prevent or Avoid Vaginal Discharge?
The normal vaginal discharge does not need to be avoided. However, by following these guidelines, you can avoid abnormal vaginal discharge:
- Always wipe from front to back after using the restroom. This may help prevent bacteria from entering your vaginal area from your rectal area.
- During the day, wear cotton underpants. Cotton gives your genital area the ability to "breathe." At night, avoid wearing underpants.
- For some women, latex in condoms and diaphragms, as well as sperm-killing gels used for birth control, can be irritating. Talk to your doctor about different birth control methods if you think one of these factors is a concern for you.
- Hot tubs should be avoided.
- Shower or bathe daily, and pat your genital area dry.
- Avoid douching.
- Deodorant pads or tampons, coloured or fragrant toilet paper, and bubble baths should all be avoided.
What is the Treatment for Abnormal Discharge?
How your case is handled will be determined by the nature of the problem. Yeast infections, for example, are commonly treated with antifungal creams or gels put into the vaginal canal. Antibiotic tablets or lotions are used to treat bacterial vaginosis. Metronidazole or tinidazole are commonly used to treat trichomoniasis.
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Published by Swapnil Jukunte